MENTAL HEALTH (PSYCHIATYRIC) NURSING
The Mental Health Nurse provides a critical role in the delivery of health care services related to Mental Health. As experts in the assessment of patients in order to diagnose and treat mental and emotional health disorders, the Mental Health Nurse acts as one of the primary care givers for Mental Health patients. There are two distinct levels of Mental Health nursing basic and advanced. As you gain more experience and education as a Mental Health nurse, your job expectations will also change and grow. For many who are undergoing a Mental Health crisis the establishment of patient rapport is absolutely key and the sooner this happens as they enter into the Healthcare system the better.
The Mental Health Nurse is often the first point of contact by a care provider with the client and so they have an opportunity to establish a relationship with the client right away so the client can begin to feel safe and comfortable as they grow through the incredibly vulnerable process of healing during a Mental Health crisis. emphasize work on mental health promotion. Psychiatric mental health nurses also work in rehabilitation settings where people are recovering from a crisis episode and where the aim is social inclusion and a return to living independently in society. These nurses are sometimes referred to as community psychiatric nurses Psychiatric mental health nurses also work in forensic psychiatry with people who have mental health problems and have committed crimes. Forensic mental health nurses work in adult prisons, young offenders’ institutions, medium secure hospitals and high secure hospitals. In addition forensic mental health nurses work with people in the community who have been released from prison or hospital and require on-going mental health service support. Psychiatric mental health nurses may also specialize in areas such as drug and alcohol rehabilitation, or child and adolescent mental health
People generally require an admission to hospital, voluntarily or involuntarily if they are experiencing a crisis- that means they are dangerous to themselves or others in some immediate way. However, people may gain admission for a concentrated period of therapy or for respite. Despite changes in mental health policy in many countries that have closed psychiatric hospitals, many nurses continue work in hospitals though patient length of stay has decreased significantly.
The basic goal of Mental Health or Psychiatric nursing involves working with communities, groups, families and individuals in the assessment of emotional and mental health needs, the diagnoses of disorders and the planning and implementation of health interventions. Once a plan has been implemented the Mental Health nurse will periodically review the success of any interventions or other healthcare plans to ensure efficacy. The goal of Mental Health nursing is to restore, promote and maintain optimal mental and emotional health.
At the end of the class the students can be able to :
- Define mental health and mental health nursing.
Define the various terms using in mental health nursing.
- Describe nature , purpose and process of assessment of mental health status.
- Describe therapeutic relationship and impasses and its intervention
- Explain treatment modalities and therapies used in mental disorders and role of nurse
- Describe the etiology, psycho-pathology clinical menifastation and management of patient with
- mood disorders ,
- neurotic patient,
- substance abuswe,
- personality and sexual disorderand eating disorder, childhood and adult disorder organic brain disorder
- describe the model of preventive psychiatricand community mental health services
Mental health nurses are usually based in hospitals or in the community, as this is where the majority of mental healthcare is offered. Within a hospital you might work in a:
- psychiatric ward
- outpatients unit
- specialist unit dealing with eating disorders.
In the community you could work at a:
- community health care centre
- residential centre
- patients’ own home
It is assumed that there will be 90 theory hours and 270 practical/clinical hours in one year.
Total = 270Hours
Essential Psychiatric nursing skills
- Psychometric tests
- Personality tests
- Family therapy
- Behavioral therapy.
- Mental status examination
- Participating in various therapies – Physical; ECT,
- Administration of Oral, IM, IV psychotropic drugs
- Interviewing skills