CHILD HEALTH NURSING

PREAMBLE

Pediatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents and the age limit usually ranges from birth up to 18-21 years of age. The word paediatrics and its cognates mean “healer of children”; they derive from two Greek words:  (pais “child”) and  (iatros “doctor, healer”). Pediatricians work both in hospitals, particularly those working in its specialized subfields such as neonatology, and as primary care physicians. Paediatric nursing is the medical care of neonates and children up to adolescence, usually in an in-patient hospital or day-clinic. The main role of pediatric nurses is to administer directly procedures and medicines to children according to prescribed nursing care plans. Nurses also continually assess the patient by observing vital signs, and developing communication skills with children and family members and with medical teams. Being a support to children and their families is one component of direct nursing care. Awareness of the concerns of children and parents, being present physically at times of stress and implementing strategies to help children and family members cope are all part of the work.

GOALS :

  • Normalise the life of the child during hospitalisation in preparation for the family home, school and community.
  • Minimise the impact of the child’s unique condition.
  • Foster maximal growth and development.
  • Develop realistic, functional and coordinated home care plans for the children and families.
  • Respect the roles of the families in the care of their children.

OBJECTIVES :

 At the end of the course the students will be able to:

  • Appreciate the history and developments in the field of pediatrics and pediatric nursing as a specialty
  • Apply the concepts of growth and development in providing care to the pediatric clients and their families.
  • Appreciate the child as a holistic individual
  • Perform physical, developmental, and nutritional assessment of pediatric clients
  • Apply nursing process in providing nursing care to neonates & children
  • Integrate the concept of family centered pediatric nursing care with related areas such as genetic disorders, congenital malformations and long term illness.
  • Recognize and manage emergencies in neonates
  • Describe various recent technologies and treatment modalities in the management of high risk neonates
  • Appreciate the legal and ethical issues pertaining to pediatric and neonatal nursing
  • Prepare a design for layout and management of neonatal unit
  • Incorporate evidence based nursing practice and identify the areas of research in the field of pediatric/neonatal nursing
  • Recognize the role of pediatric nurse practitioner and as a member of the pediatric and neonatal health teaching
  • Teach pediatric nursing to undergraduate students & in-service nurses

 

DURATION : Four years program

ELIGIBILITY :

  • Candidates belonging to all categories for admission to the B.Sc.
  • Degree course in Nursing (Basic) should have passed the qualifying examinations (Academic Stream) after period of 12 years of study with the following subjects of Physics, Chemistry and Biology or Botany and Zoology.
  • Every candidate before admission to the course shall submit to the Principal of the institution a certificate of medical fitness from an authorized medical officer that the candidate is physically fit to undergo the academic course.
  • The minimum educational requirements shall be passing of Higher Secondary School Certificate Examination (12 years course) (Or) Senior School Certificate Examination (10+2), pre-degree Examinations (10+2) (Or) An equivalent with 12 years schooling from a recognized Board or University with Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) and English with minimum 40% aggregate marks (PCBE); for SC/ST candidates – the minimum percentage of marks is 35% .

 CAREER OPPORTUNITIES :

  • Academic professional with a focus on developing a research and teaching career
  • Nursing educator focused on developing and managing a full time clinical practice
  • Nurse manager to manage the wards and the concerned activities

 TEACHING STRATEGIES : The interdisciplinary curriculum is based on both clinical and theory model. The major focus is on the clinical practice with the means of direct care to the patients. Fellows are prepared to participate in a multi disciplinary approach to planning, implementing, managing, and evaluating programs for improving the standards of practices concerned. It is assumed that there will be approximately theory90 hours and  practical300 hours.

The fellows will be exposed to practical demonstration in various areas for above purposes

TOTAL HOURS : 300 hrs.

TOPIC No. of week Hours
Pediatric Medicine Ward

 

2

 

60 Hours
Pediatric Surgery Ward

 

2 60 Hours

 

Pediatric OPD

 

1 30 Hours
NICU

 

3 90 Hours
Creche

 

1 30 Hours
Child Guidance Clinic

 

1 30 Hours
TOTAL 10weeks 300 Hours

 

Student Activities

  • Clinical presentations
  • Nursing care plans
  • Clinical Case studies
  • Growth & developmental assessment
  • Assessment & prescription of nursing interventions for sick children
  • Health education related to disease conditions
  • Nutritional assessment
  • Project work
  • Field visits

 RESEARCH TRAINING

 Research opportunities in health sector focusing on pediatric group are available which is a requirement of B.Sc Nursing 4th year curriculum.

 ELECTIVE TRAINING/OPTIONAL TRAINING

Should be arranged by the faculty for hands on practice and training of the students in the hospital or similar organization for improving the skills of students.

BOOKS REFERED

  • Donna L. Wong,David Wilson,Essentials of Pediatric Nursing,6th,Harcourt Private limited; 1999. p. 523-33.
  • R. Dorothy and Reddy. A. Barbara: Textbook of Paediatric Nursing. 6th ed.W. B Saunders Company; 1961..
  • Datta Parul,Pediatric Nursing,2nd,Jaypee Brothers Medical Publisher;2009
  • Gupte Piyush.,Pediatric Nursing,1st ed,A.P. Jain Publisher;2004
  • Elizabeth K.E. Fundamentals of Pediatrics.3rd,Paras Publications.
  • Adele Pilliteri.Maternal and Child Health Nursing.1st,Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.p.902-4.