COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING

PREAMBLE

Community health is a major field of study within the medical and clinical sciences which focuses on the maintenance, protection and improvement of the health status of population groups and communities as opposed to the health of individual patients. The word “community” derives from the Old French comuneté, which means, “ commonness, community, shared in common”.

Community health nursing is defined as the synthesis of nursing and public health practice applied to promoting and protecting the health of population.It is a practice that is continuous and comprehensive directed towards all groups of community members. A community comprises people of various ages, health conditions, social status and cultures. The community health nurses are expected to focus their work on disease prevention and health promotion, including promotion of self-care. It combines all the basic elements of professional, clinical nursing with public health and community practice. The community health nurse or public health nurse is one category of the health workforce in the community. In all pre-service nursing or nursing and midwifery curricula, there are one or two courses in community health nursing, which provide basic information on community health and the role of nurses in the community. The primary goal of community health nursing is to help a community protect and preserve the health of its members, while the secondary goal is to promote self-care among individuals and families. In the health-care reform environment, the community health nurse will probably continue to care for individuals and families, particularly high-risk clients and those with communicable diseases

 

GOALS

  • to prepare graduates to assume responsibilities as community health nurse specialists, consultants, educators, administrators in a wide variety of professional settings
  • to assist students in developing expertise and in depth understanding in the field of community health nursing
  • to analyze components of community health practices
  • to develop advanced skills for nursing intervention in various aspects of community health care settings
  • to function as community health Nurse practitioner/specialist
  • to function as educator, manager and researcher in the field of community health nursing.

 

OBJECTIVES

At the end of the course the students will be able to:

  1. Appreciate the history and development in the field of Community Health and Community Health Nursing.
  2. Appreciate role of individuals and families in promoting health of the Community.
  3. Perform physical, developmental and nutritional assessment of individuals, families and groups.
  4. Apply the concepts of promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative aspects of health while providing care to the people.
  5. Apply nursing process approach while providing care to individuals, families, groups and community.
  6. Integrate the concepts of family centered nursing approach while providing care to the community.
  7. Recognize and participate in the management of emergencies, epidemics and disasters.
  8. Apply recent technologies and care modalities while delivering community health nursing care.
  9. Appreciate legal and ethical issues pertaining to community health nursing care.
  10. Conduct community health nursing care projects.
  11. Participate in planning, implementation and evaluation of various national health and family welfare programmes at local, state and the national level.
  12. Incorporate evidence based nursing practice and identify the areas of research in the community settings.
  13. Participate effectively as a member of Community Health team.
  14. Coordinate and collaborate with various agencies operating in the community by using inter-sectoral approach.
  15. Teach community health nursing to undergraduates, in-service nurses and the community health workers.
  16. Demonstrate leadership and managerial abilities in community health nursing practice

 

DURATION

Duration of the course is 2 years for M.Sc. (N)

ELIGIBILITY

  • The candidate should be a Registered Nurse and Registered midwife or equivalent with any State Nursing Registration Council.
  • The minimum education requirements shall be the passing of :B.Sc. Nursing / B.Sc. Hons. Nursing / Post Basic B.Sc. Nursing with minimum of 55% aggregate marks.
  • The candidate should have undergone in B.Sc. Nursing / B.Sc. Hons.Nursing / Post Basic B.Sc. Nursing in an institution which is recognized by INC.
  • Minimum one year of work experience after Basic B.Sc. Nursing.
  • Minimum one year of work experience prior or after Post Basic B.Sc.Nursing.
  • Candidate shall be medically fit.
  • 5% relaxation of marks for SC/ST candidates may be given.

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

  • Academic professional with a focus on developing a research and training career.
  • Administering healthcare services and advocating for healthcare improvements.
  • Nursing educator focused on developing and managing a full time clinical practice.
  • Nursing manager to manage the wards and concerned activities.
  • School health nurse to teach children on maintaining their personal health, provide vaccinations and monitor children to ensure they are not suffering from any illnesses.
  • Occupational health nurse to address the health care needs of working populations have been identified as an important component of the public health strategy.
  • Public health nurse to become involved in voluntary programs (Red Cross, Disaster Management, various National Health Programmes)

 

 TEACHING STRATEGIES

  • Interactive session with the students
  • Seminar
  • Didactic lecture through Power point projection
  • Demonstrations
  • Field visits
  • Postings in CHC, PHC , Sub-center

 TOTAL HOURS

Clinical Speciality-I

THEORY        –  150 HOURS

PRACTICAL  — 660 HOURS

TOTAL            — 810 HOURS

 

S./NO DEPARTMENT/ UNIT NO OF WEEKS TOTAL HOURS
1

2

3

4

 

Sub-centre, PHC, CHC

District family welfare bureau

Urban centers

Field visits

17

3

6

3

 

360 Hours

30 Hours

180 Hours

90 Hours

 

 

  STUDENT ACTIVITIES

  • Identification of community leaders and resource persons(community mapping)
  • Community health survey
  • Community health nursing process- individual, family and special groups and community
  • Counseling
  • Health education – campaign, exhibition, folk media, preparation of IEC materials
  • Organising and participating in special clinics/camps and nationalhealth and welfare programmes-Organise atleast one health and family welfare mela/fair (all stalls of national health and family welfare activities should be included)
  • Estimation of Vital health statistics -Exercise
  • Drill for disaster preparedness
  • Organise at least one in-service education to ANM’s/LHV/PHN/HW
  • Nutrition – Exercise on nutritional assessment on dietary planning, demonstration and education for various age groups
  • Filling up of Records, reports and registers maintained at SC/PHC/CHC
  • Assist women in self breast examination
  • Conduct antenatal examination
  • Conduct vaginal examination
  • Conduct deliveries
  • Post natal visits
  • Perform Episiotomy and suturing
  • Prepare Pap smear
  • Conduct Insertion/Removal of IUD
  • Blood Slide preparation
  • Field visits
  • Maintenance of log book for various activities

 

RESEARCH TRAINING

Submission of the research proposal – End of 9th month of 1st year

REFRENCES

Basavanthappa B.T., “Community Health Nursing”, 2nd  edition. Jaypee Publishers.2007 New Delhi, 2012 reprint.

Clement I. “Basic Concepts of Community Health Nursing”. 2nd edition. Jaypee Publishers, New Delhi, 2009.

Gulani K. “ Principles and Practice : Community Health Nursing”. Kumar Publishers. New Delhi .2015.

Hiremath D. “Essentials of Community Medicine”.Ist edition. Jaypee Publishers. New Delhi. 2005.

Kamalam S. “ Essentials of  Community Health Nursing”. 3rd edition. Jaypee Publishers. New Delhi.

Park k. “Text Book of Preventive and Social Medicine” 21th Edition. Banarsidas Bhannot publishers 2013.

Prabhakara G.N., “ Biostatistics ”, 2nd edition. Jaypee publishers.2014.

Suryakantha A.H. “Community Medicine with Recent Advances”. 3rd edition. Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers Ltd. New Delhi, 20014

Admission 2017