Curriculum

Biochemistry & Biophysics for Post Basic B.Sc. (Nursing)

S.No

Topic

Learning objective

( At the end of session the students should be able to)

Teaching Guidelines

Methodology

Time

1 Introduction

  • Importance of bio-chemistry in nursing.
  • Study of cell and its various components.
-Discuss the importance of bio-chemistry in nursing

-Discuss the study of cell and its various components.

 

To cover the the importance of bio-chemistry in carrying out the nursing activity.
To cover the scientific study of cell.

To cover various components of cell in human body.

  1. Didactic lecture through Power point project.
  2. Group discussion on various components of cell.

 

2 Hrs
2 Water and Electrolytes: Water- Sources, property & function in human body.
Water and fluid balance.
Electrolytes of human body, function, sources.
-Discuss the water’s sources its property and function in human body.
-Explain the water and fluid balance.
-Discuss the electrolytes in human body its function and sources.
To cover Water and Electrolytes: Water- Sources, property & function in human body.
Water and fluid balance.
Electrolytes of human body, function, sources.
1.Didactic lecture through Power Point Presentation.
2. Lecture cum discussion on water and electrolytes sources.

 

4 Hrs
3
  • Enzymes

-Mechanism of action
– Factors affecting enzyme activity
-Diagnostic  application
-Precaution for handling specimens for enzyme estimation.

  • Digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, protein and fat.
  • Various factors influencing the digestion and absorption, mal-absorption syndrome.

 

-Define enzymes . what is the mechanism of action of enzymes.
-Discuss the factors affecting enzyme activity and diagnostic application.
– What type of precaution should be taken for handling specimen for enzyme estimation.
-Explain the digestion and absorption of carbohydrate, protein and fat.
-Discuss the various factors influencing the digestion ,absorption and mal-absorption syndrome.

 

  • -To cover Enzymes

-Mechanism of action
– Factors affecting enzyme activity
-Diagnostic  application
-Precaution for handling specimens for enzyme estimation.

  • Digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, protein and fat.

Various factors influencing the digestion and absorption, mal-absorption syndrome.

 

Didactic lecture through Power Point Presentation.
2. Lecture cum discussion on Various factors influencing the digestion and absorption, mal-absorption syndrome.
5 hrs
4
  • Carbohydrate :-catabolism of carbohydrate for energy purpose.
  • Mitochondrial oxidation and oxidation phosphorylation.
  • Fat of glucose in body, storage of glucose in body, glycogenesis and glycogenolysis and neoglucogenesis, blood glucose and its regulation.
  • Glucose tolerance test, hyperglycemiahypoglycemia, glycemia.

 

Describe the catabolism of carbohydrate for energy purpose.
-Discuss the Mitochondrial oxidation and oxidation phosphorylation.
-Explain the storage of glucose in body.
-Define the glycogenesis and glycogenolysis and neoglucogenesis.
-Describe glucose and its regulation in body.
-What is GTT.
-Define hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia and glycemia.

 

To cover Carbohydrate :-catabolism of carbohydrate for energy purpose.
Mitochondrial oxidation and oxidation phosphorylation.
Fat of glucose in body, storage of glucose in body, glycogenesis and glycogenolysis and neoglucogenesis, blood glucose and its regulation.
Glucose tolerance test, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, glycemia.
Didactic lecture through Power Point Presentation.
Lecture cum discussion on glycogenesis and glycogenolysis and neoglucogenesis
-Lecture cum discussion on Glucose tolerance test, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, glycemia
 

7 Hrs

5
  • Protein : amino acid ,hormones
  • Essential amino acid. Biosynthesis of protein in the cell.
  • Role of nucleic acid in protein synthesis.
  • Nitrogenous constitutes of urine, blood, their origin- urea cycle, uric acid formation, gout.
  • Plasma protein and their function.

 

Describe amino acid and hormones.
-Discuss the essential amino acids and biosynthesis of protein in cell.
-What is the role of nucleic acid in protein synthesis.
– Discuss the Nitrogenous constitutes of urine, blood, their origin- urea cycle, uric acid formation, gout.
-Explain plasma protein and their function.
 

To cover Protein : amino acid ,hormones
Essential amino acid. Biosynthesis of protein in the cell.
Role of nucleic acid in protein synthesis.
Nitrogenous constitutes of urine, blood, their origin- urea cycle, uric acid formation, gout.
Plasma protein and their function.

 

Didactic lecture through Power Point Presentation.
-Lecture cum discussion on Essential amino acid. Biosynthesis of protein in the cell.
Role of nucleic acid in protein synthesis.
-Lecture on Plasma protein and their function

7Hrs
6
  • Fat: Biosynthesis of fat and storage of fat in the body.
  • Role of liver in fat metabolism.
  • Biological importance of important lipids and their function
  • Cholesterol  and lipoprotein

-sources, occurrence and distribution
-blood level and metabolism
Ketone bodies and utilization.

  • Inter-relationship in metabolism and cellular control of metabolic processes.

 

-Discuss the biosynthesis and storage of fat in body.
-Describe the role of liver in fat metabolism.
-Discuss the Biological importance of important lipids and their function.
-Explain the ketone bodies and their utilization.
-Explain the Cholesterol  and lipoprotein.
– Discuss the inter-relationship in metabolism and cellular control of metabolic process.
To cover Fat: Biosynthesis of fat and storage of fat in the body.
Role of liver in fat metabolism.
Biological importance of important lipids and their function
Cholesterol  and lipoprotein
-sources, occurrence and distribution
-blood level and metabolism
Ketone bodies and utilization.
Inter-relationship in metabolism and cellular control of metabolic processes.
Didactic lecture through Power Point Presentation.
-Lecture cum discussion on
-Lecture cum discussion on Nitrogenous constitutes of urine, blood, their origin- urea cycle, uric acid formation, gout.

-lecture on function of plasma protein.

5 Hrs
Sr. No. T opic Learning objective
( At the end of session the students should be able to)
Teaching guidelines Methodology Time
1.
  • Introduction : Concept of unit and measurement
  • Fundamental and derived units.
  • Units of length, weight, mass, time.

 

-Discuss the concept of unit and measurement.
-Describe the Fundamental and derived units.
-Explain the units of length, mass, time.
-To cover units and measurement.
Uses of units and measurement.
Various examples of fundamental and derived units.
Various units of length, weight, mass and time.
1.Didactic lecture on concept of units and measurements.
2. Lecture cum discussion on fundamentals and derived units.
3. Didactic lecture on power point presentation on Units of length, weight, mass, time.
2hr.
2.
  • Vector and scalar motion, speed, velocity and acceleration.
-Discuss the vector and scalar motion.
-Define speed and velocity.
– Discuss acceleration and its methods.
-To cover the vector and scalar motion. Methods of speed and velocity. Acceleration and its various methods. 1.Lecture cum discussion on Vector and scalar motion, speed, velocity and acceleration 2hr.
3.
  • Gravity : specific gravity, centre of gravity, principles of gravity.
-Describe the gravity, specific gravity and centre of gravity.
-Enlist the principles of gravity.
– To cover gravity, specific gravity and centre of gravity.
Principles of gravity.
1.Lecture cum discussion on gravity, specific gravity and centre of gravity.
Principles of gravity
2hr.
4.
  • Force : Work, Energy: Their units of measurement.
  • Type and transformation of energy, forces of body, static force.
  • Principles of machines, friction and body mechanics.
  • Simple mechanics- lever and body mechanics, pulley and traction, incline plane, screw.
  • Application of these principles in nursing.

 

-Describe force, work and energy and their units of measurement.-Discuss the types and transformation of energy.
– Explain the principles of machines, friction and body mechanics.
-To cover the definition of force,energy, work and their measurement. Types and transformation of energy, forces of body, static force. Principles of machines, friction and body mechanics. Simple mechanics- lever and body mechanics, pulley and traction, incline plane, screw.
Application of these principles in nursing.
1.Lecture cum discussion.
2.Demonstration and test.
4hr.
5.
  • Heat : Nature, measurement, transfer of heat.
  • Effects of heat on matter
  • Relative humidity, specific heat
  • Temperature scales
  • Regulation of body temperature
  • Use of heat for sterilization
  • Application of these principles in nursing.
-Discuss heat, its nature, measurement and methods of heat transfer.
-Describe effects of heat on matter.
-What is relative humidity and specific heat?
-Define regulation of body temperature and types of temperature scale.
-Describe the use of heat for sterilization.
-Discuss application of these principles in nursing.
-To cover Heat : Nature, measurement, transfer of heat.
Effects of heat on matter
Relative humidity, specific heat
Temperature scale Regulation of body temperature
Use of heat for sterilization
Application of these principles in nursing
1. Lecture cum discussion.
2.Demonstration and test.
4hr.
6.
  • Light : Laws of reflection
  • Focusing elements of eye, defective vision and its correction, use of lenses.
  • Relationship between energy, frequency and weave length of light
  • Biological effects of light
  • Use of light in therapy.
  • Application of these principles nursing.
-Explain the light and various laws of reflection.
-Define defective vision and its correction and uses of lenses.
-Describe the relationship between energy, frequency and wave length of light.
-What are the biological effects of light and uses of lights in therapy.
-Discuss the application of these principles in nursing.
-To cover Light : Laws of reflection
Focusing elements of eye, defective vision and its correction, use of lenses.
Relationship between energy, frequency and weave length of light
Biological effects of light
Use of light in therapy.
Application of these principles nursing
1. Lecture cum discussion.
2.Demonstration and test.
3hr.
7.
  • Pressures : Atmospheric pressure, hydrostatic pressure, osmotic pressure.
  • Measurements of pressure in the body.
  • Arterial and venous blood pressure
  • Ocular pressure
  • Intracranial pressure
  • Application of these principles in nursing

 

-Discuss the various types of pressure.
-Explain the measurement of pressure in body.
-Define the arterial and venous blood pressure, ocular and intracranial pressure.
-Discuss the application of these pressure in nursing.
-To cover Pressures : Atmospheric pressure, hydrostatic pressure, osmotic pressure.
Measurements of pressure in the body.

  • Arterial and venous blood pressure
  • Ocular pressure
  • Intracranial pressure
  • Application of these principles in nursing
1. Lecture cum discussion.
2.Demonstration and test
3hr.
8.
  • Sound : frequency, velocity and intensity
  • Vocalization and hearing
  • Use of ultrasound, noise pollution and its prevention
  • Application of these principles in nursing.

 

-Discuss the sound its frequency, velocity and intensity.
– Define vocalization and hearing.
-Describe use of ultrasound.
-Define noise pollution and its prevention.
Discuss the application of these principles in nursing.
-To cover Sound : frequency, velocity and intensity
Vocalization and hearing
Use of ultrasound, noise pollution and its prevention
Application of these principles in nursing.
  2hr.
9.
  • Electricity and electromagnetism:  Nature  of electricity, voltage, current, Resistance and their units
  • Flow of  electricity in solids, electrolytes, gases and vacuum
  • Electricity and human body
  • ECG, EEG, EMG, ECT
  • Pace makers and defibrillation
  • Magnetism and electricity
  • MRI scanning, CAT scan

 

-Describe the electricity and electromagnetism.
-Define nature of electricity, voltage and current.
-Define Resistance and their units.
-Describe flow of electricity in solids, electrolytes and human body.
-Discuss the electricity and human body.
-Define ECG,EEG,EMG,ECT.
-Discuss pacemakers and defibrillation .
-Define Magnetism, electricity,MRI scanning, CAT scan.
-To cover Electricity and electromagnetism:  Nature  of electricity, voltage, current, Resistance and their units
Flow of  electricity in solids, electrolytes, gases and vacuum
Electricity and human body
ECG, EEG, EMG, ECT
Pace makers and defibrillation
Magnetism and electricity
MRI scanning, CAT scan
  3hr.
10.
  • Atomic energy : Structure of atoms, Isotopes and isobars.
  • Radioactivity : use of radioactive isotopes
  • Radiation protection units and limits, instruments used for detection of ionizing radiation, X-rays.
-Describe Atomic energy ,Structure of atoms, Isotopes and isobars.
-Discuss Radioactivity and use of radioactive isotopes.
-Describe radiation protection units, limits and instruments used for detection of ionizing radiation, X-ray.
-To cover Atomic energy : Structure of atoms, Isotopes and isobars.
Radioactivity : use of radioactive isotopes
Radiation protection units and limits, instruments used for detection of ionizing radiation, X-rays.
  2hr.
11.
  • Principles of electronics: common electronic equipments used in patient care.
-Describe Principles of electronics: common electronic equipments used in patient care. -To cover Principles of electronics: common electronic equipments used in patient care.   1 hr